The South African genetic screening services for breast cancer comprise targeted and comprehensive tests that screen for the presence of genetic alterations. Clinically, these variants determine the risk of disease development as well as treatment approaches best suited for carriers. The current targeted tests screen for seven pathogenic sequence variants, which are mainly common among Whites, a population that constitutes 9.1% of South Africa. However, these tests are offered to all patients despite consistent negative results observed among Blacks, Indians, and Mixed ancestry (known as Coloreds in South Africa). Consequently, Blacks, White, and Colored patients who potentially carry other variants receive unbefitting treatment, resulting in poor clinical response, recurrence, and high mortality. This review aimed to identify the presence and incidence of pathogenic variants in BRCA1/2 previously reported in all South African populations. We selected literature using a scoping review approach, from which we included eight articles and two reports. Overall, we identified 59 BRCA1 and 60 BRCA2 pathogenic sequence variants from a cohort of 5709 patients and unknown patients from 90 families. The most reported variant was BRCA2 c.7943delG, which was common in White and Colored patients. None of the seven common variants was reported in either Blacks or Indians, which demonstrates the urgency to tailor genetic tests which are optimal for all South African patients and present a range of variants which could serve as diagnostic targets for Black, Indian, and Colored patients.